Nirvana Recovery

What Are The Different Types of Trauma?

What Are The Different Types of Trauma

Every year, millions of people across the globe grapple with the silent burden of trauma. A quiet struggle that often goes unseen and unaddressed. These experiences leave long-lasting scars like mental health concerns, affecting various aspects of life. However, Nirvana Recovery is a light of hope and healing amidst the darkness.

In this article, we will delve into understanding trauma and the various types and examples of trauma. We aim to discuss the multiple effects it has on the lives of adults. We will also discuss  Nirvana Recovery’s compassionate role in healing adults grappling with the impact of trauma.

Types of Trauma

Trauma is an emotional reaction to horrific events that causes an individual physical, emotional, and psychological pain. People respond differently to traumatic events. Some may experience short-lived experiences, which may naturally go away with time. Some may experience intense effects that require the help of mental health professionals.

There are different types of trauma that anyone can be exposed to.

Acute Trauma

Acute trauma refers to an emotional reaction to a single sudden lived event that comprises an individual’s ability to cope. The aftermath of the events is long-lasting and may require to seek professional intervention to heal. An example includes being exposed to a ghastly car accident and sustaining injuries. Other events include:

  • An assault or robbery with violence
  • Terrorist attacks 
  • Natural events like earthquakes

Chronic Trauma

Unlike acute trauma, chronic trauma results from a continuous series of unpleasant events. These events span over a long period. They may include events like:

  • Childhood Abuse or Neglect: Regular neglect and abuse while growing up can lead to acute trauma. Anyone subjected to maltreatment may grow up feeling shame and hopelessness. They may also develop a low self-worth.
  • Community and Domestic Violence: Residing in unsafe environments where physical and mental abuse is prevalent can also suffer from acute trauma. The need to be on the lookout for potential acts of vigilance can result in hypervigilance. Such children grow up to be adults with heightened anxiety

Complex Trauma

Complex trauma results from the cumulative impact of a series of traumatic events. It stems from bad experiences in interpersonal and personal relationships. Your loved one may develop complex trauma from events like:

  • Abuse
  • Neglect
  • Betrayal from close friends or family during critical life periods, e.g., during the loss
  • Several unfulfilled promises

Complex trauma affects the ability to see the good in others. Experiencing burns from people close to them makes it difficult for them to trust anyone other than themselves and form a healthy, long-lasting relationship.

Secondary Trauma

Secondary trauma is experienced when individuals are greatly affected by events that happened to another person. One can acquire secondary trauma by being in long-term contact with individuals suffering from post-traumatic disorder (PTSD). Other instances include:

  • Someone exposed to trauma victims through activities like caregiving or volunteering
  • Traumatic events in the community, like a school shooting
  • Stories in the media about violence can also be overwhelming, leading to post-traumatic stress.

Developmental Trauma

Developmental trauma occurs when people are exposed to chronic stressors during their early development years. This can include stressful experiences like abuse, neglect, or an unstable family environment. Developmental trauma can have adverse effects on one’s well-being. It affects the ability to form healthy and long-lasting connections, impairing the brain and the nervous system. It may also lead to body dysregulation. Other effects of developmental trauma include:

  • Difficulty identifying and expressing emotions
  • Dissociating from experiences
  • Susceptible to triggers
  • Difficulty thinking and illogical reasoning
  • Low self-worth and negative self-perception

Physical Trauma

Physical trauma is caused by an injury to the body. It manifests in two forms: blunt force trauma and penetrating trauma. Blunt force trauma is caused by a blunt object or a fall, while penetrating trauma is caused by a sharp object piercing the skin. Examples of physical trauma include accidents, an attack, slipping, and falling on hard injuries. Sports injuries also qualify as physical trauma. 

Nirvana Recovery offers tailored therapeutic options for addressing physical trauma in Phoneix. Our mental health professionals provide treatment options like physical therapy to prevent and manage muscle atrophy. We also have trauma-informed care tailored to address both physical and emotional aspects of recovery. This is to provide holistic healing, ensuring a ‘s overall wellbeing.

Emotional and Psychological Trauma

Emotional and psychological trauma refers to unpleasant events that leave a completely shattered and hopeless. Emotional trauma is not measured by how severe the event was but by how severe the impact it had on mental health. Examples of traumatic events include:

  • Bullying
  • Parents’ divorce
  • Loss of a loved one
  • An exposure to near-death experience

Coping with the aftermath of traumatic events can be difficult for an Individual. As a family member, it is important to seek professional guidance to help them navigate such mental health concerns. Whatever the cause of trauma, at Nirvana Recovery, we have counseling and behavioral therapies to facilitate healing. We use tailored evidence-based therapy options like Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) to help process their experiences. We also equip them with the coping skills to succeed in treatment.

Sexual Trauma

Sexual trauma is caused by physical and emotional effects endured during a sexual assault. Sadly, sexual assault is prevalent. Approximately 18.3% of women and 1.4% of men in the United States have experienced rape, including forced penetration or attempted penetration with the use of drugs or alcohol. Sexual assault has pervasive effects on a ‘s mental health. Some of the effects include:

  • Psychological effects like anxiety, depression, and Post-traumatic stress disorder(PTSD)
  • Feelings of shame and guilt
  • Victims of sexual assault may find it hard to trust someone.
  • Engaging in risky behaviors such as substance abuse, self-harm, or eating disorders as maladaptive coping mechanisms 
  • Isolation due to withdrawal from interaction and social activities
  • Poor academic performance

Asking for help as a sexual assault victim may be hard. However, encourage close ones not to blame themselves for anything that happened. Remind them that they are still worthy of love and seeking professional help is the best approach. 

At Nirvana Recovery, we treat sexual trauma cases with the utmost care they need. We have specialized support and therapy options geared toward mental health recovery. Our Therapeutic modalities like CBT, help address the negative thoughts and behaviors. Our therapists work with them to create a more positive mindset, crucial for effective treatment.

Neglect and Abandonment Trauma

Neglect and abandonment trauma are deeply rooted in the pain of feeling emotionally neglected or abandoned by those who are supposed to care for us. An example is being abandoned or neglected as a child. It can also manifest in those separated from loved ones through the foster care system. 

At Nirvana Recovery, we understand the weight of this burden and make it a priority to help to heal. We offer personalized treatment modalities like family therapy and individualized care plans to treat and manage abandonment trauma. During family therapy, therapists collaborate with family members to create healthy relationships and connections. This eventually provides the support and love everyone deserves.

Nirvana Recovery's Role in Healing Trauma

Nirvana Recovery plays an important role in the treatment and healing journey of patients dealing with trauma. We offer a range of tailored therapeutic services to suit your unique needs. During treatment, we also aim to create a supportive environment geared towards healing trauma.

Tailored Therapeutic Approaches

Nirvana Recovery customizes its treatment plans to address your unique needs effectively. Whether you or your loved one is grappling with PTSD, anxiety, or self-harm, we’ve got you covered. Our expert mental health providers collaborate with your troubled to create a personalized treatment plan. We also used evidence-based treatment modalities like Trauma-Informed Cognitive Behavioral Therapy to ensure your long-term well-being.

Creating a Safe and Supportive Environment

One of our goals is to create a positive environment where you feel safe and accepted. Our facility is designed to foster a calm and secure environment, which is fundamental to healing. Our mental health professionals also create a safe space by providing nonjudgmental care to all patients undergoing treatment. Finally, we offer group therapy, which enables patients to share similar experiences and foster meaningful connections.


Trauma is an emotional reaction to an unpleasant event. It results from exposure to short-term traumatic events or long-term exposure to a series of traumatic events. There are different types of trauma anyone may be subjected to. Irrespective of the kind of trauma a is exposed to, trauma has long-lasting effects on well-being. It can alter their perspective on life and expose them to various mental health concerns like depression and anxiety.

Seeking professional help is necessary for healing. At Nirvana Recovery, we have personalized treatment modalities for adults struggling with mental health issues. Through trauma-informed care, we allow adults to heal beautifully and build resilience. If you know a struggling with trauma, do not hesitate to reach out to us. Contact us today to learn more about our programs and how we can help your loved one thrive despite past challenges.

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Nirvana Recovery